The adjective ardent means exhibiting strong feelings.

Synonyms are avid, keen, passionate, or zealous.

The word origins from Old French (14th century) ardant meaning “burning, hot, zealous” and from Latin ardentem (nominative ardens) meaning “glowing, fiery, hot, ablaze”. It is also used figuratively meaning “of passions”, from present participle of ardere meaning “to burn”.

She was no longer an ardent girlfriend.

Jake had always been an ardent grandson.

His love was ardent and she reciprocated it with equal feeling.


The adjective archaic means belonging to an ancient era in history.

Synonyms are ancient, antique, obsolete, or primitive.

The word origins from French (1810) archaique ultimately, from Greek arkhaikos meaning “ancient, old-fashioned, antiquated, primitive”, and from arkhē meaning “beginning, origin”.

The ritual is obviously very archaic.

He presents archaic tools to his friends.

He has archaic ideas about pregnant women.


The adjective cordial means being friendly in a formal and polite behavior.

Synonyms are affectionate, cozy, cheerful or jovial.

The word origins from Medieval Latin (14th century) cordialis meaning “of or pertaining to the heart”, “of or for the heart”. It comes from Latin cor meaning “heart” and from kerd– meaning “heart.”

James is always cordial to his father and formal to his sister.

They prepared a cordial welcome to the ministers of these countries.

When she heard of his arrival, she ran very fast and greeted him with a cordial smile.


The adjective arable means a land that is suitable for growing crops.

Synonyms are cultivable, plowable, or tillable.

The word origins from Old French (early 15th century) arable meaning “suitable for plowing”. It also comes from Latin arabilis, and from arare meaning “to plow”.

Only 3% of all arable land in this country is profitable.

The total area is 43% occupied by arable land and gardens, 10% by grassland and pastures and 36% by forests.

Huge portions of good arable land exist in many parts of the northern region.


The noun disparity means the unfair inequality between two or more things.

Synonyms are discrepancy, distinction, gap, or imbalance.

The word origins in 1550s. It comes from French (1590s) disparité meaning “quality of being unequal in rank, condition, etc.”, and from Medieval Latin disparitatem meaning “inequality”. It is derived from dis- meaning “not” plus paritas meaning “parity”.

Our city doesn’t have a great learning disparity between public and private schools.

The two couples have large disparity in their age.

The disparity between my expenses and revenue has been very obvious.


The adjective explicit means something that is clearly expressed or demonstrated.

Synonyms are accurate, certain, exact, or precise.

The word origins from French (1610s) explicite meaning “open to the understanding, not obscure or ambiguous”, and from Latin explicitus meaning “unobstructed”. It is the past participle of explicare meaning “unfold, unravel, explain”. It is derived from ex meaning “out” plus plicare meaning “to fold”.

The team listened to the leader’s explicit direction for their task.

She is very explicit about her plans for her life in the future.

Please keep your guidelines explicit to not cause misunderstanding.


The noun aviary means the large cage or closed space where birds are kept as pets.

Synonyms are barn, birdhouse, columbary, or volary.

The word origins from Latin (1570s) aviarium meaning “place in which birds are kept”. It is neuter of aviarius meaning “of birds”, from avis meaning “bird”.

Everyone can check my birds in my aviary.

Mr. Smith made an aviary for a guest to walk through.

I wish I could afford an aviary for my birds.


The noun confluence means the situation in which two things joined and became one larger thing.

Synonyms are assemblage, assembly, concourse, or junction.

The word origins from Late Latin (early 15th century) confluentia meaning “a flowing together, especially of two or more streams”, from Latin confluentem. It is the present participle of confluere meaning “to flow together”. It comes from assimilated form of com meaning “with, together” plus fluere meaning “to flow”.

Her meal for today is the confluence of my two recipes.

The confluence of my sibling’s jobs has brought success to our family.

It looks great to see the confluence of everyone’s talent in the program.


The verb disperse means to spread across or move away over a large area.

Synonyms are break up, circulate, dissolve, or spread.

The word origins in late 14th century. It comes from disperse meaning “to scatter, separate and send off or drive in different directions”, from Latin dispersus, from past participle of dispergere meaning “to scatter”. It is derived from dis- meaning “apart, in every direction” plus spargere meaning “to scatter”.

The flock of sheep on the farm will never disperse.

Students got dispersed as soon as teachers arrived.

The guests began to disperse when they heard the fire alarm.


The noun exploit means the unusual, brave, or interesting act that someone has done.

Synonyms are accomplishment, achievement, attainment, or deed.

The word origins from Old French (late 14th century) esploit meaning “a carrying out; achievement, result; gain, advantage”, from Modern French (12th century) exploit used in the sense of “action, deed, profit, achievement”, and from Latin explicitum meaning “a thing settles, ended, or displayed”. It is derived from ex meaning “out” plus plicare meaning “to fold”.

His next exploit was the travel he did in Canada.

Please share your exploit with us.

Does Sir Melvin know about her exploit?