The noun insularity means the quality of being interested in your own country or group and not willing to accept different or foreign ideas.

Synonyms are accelerate, hasten, promote, or speed.

The word origins in 1755. It is derived from insular meaning “narrowness of feelings” plus –ity. The sense of “state of being an island” was attested from 1784.

They need to stop their old insularity and be open-minded.

He believed that the insularity of his countrymen is the result of ignorance of all law and institutions.

The tribe was not very good at making conversation with other people because of their insularity.


The verb extol means to praise something or someone highly.

Synonyms are acclaim, applaud, celebrate, or glorify.

The word origins from Latin (1400) extollere meaning “to place on high, raise, elevate”. It comes from ex meaning “up” plus tollere meaning “to raise”. In English, the figurative sense of “praise highly” is first attested from 1500s.

He wrote a book to extol the benefits of vegetarianism.

She will always extol the virtues of her mother.

Helen did not extol her sister’s achievement because of jealousy.


The adjective intrepid means someone who is extremely brave and willing to risk in dangerous situations.

Synonyms are courageous, fearless, heroic, or plucky.

The word origins from French (16th century) intrépide meaning “unmoved by danger, undaunted”, and directly from Latin intrepidus meaning “unshaken, undaunted, not alarmed”. It comes from in- meaning “not” plus trepidus meaning “alarmed”.

I joined a team of intrepid explorers.

The story shows how intrepid the firefighters are.

Mr. Wilson does not tolerate his intrepid students.


The verb appease means to prevent further disagreement by giving something that the other side demanded.

Synonyms are pacify, satisfy, soften, or soothe.

The word origins from Anglo-French (13th century) apeser meaning “to reconcile”, from Old French (12th century) apaisier meaning “to pacify, make peace, appease, be reconciled, placate”, from the phrase a paisier meaning “to bring peace. It is derived from a meaning “to” plus pais, from Latin pacem meaning “peace”.

Helping the needy will appease her guilt for his bad deeds.

She tried to appease her mother by giving her favorite citrus.

The song he played can appease the broken hearts.


The adjective innate means quality or ability that a person is born with.

Synonyms are deep-seated, inherent, intrinsic, or intuitive.

The word origins from Late Latin innatus meaning “inborn, native, natural”, from past participle of innasci meaning “to be born in, originate in”. It comes from in- meaning “in” plus nasci meaning “to be born” of Old Latin gnasci from PIE root *gene- meaning “give birth, beget” with derivatives referring to procreation and familial and tribal groups.

She had an innate modesty and simplicity of character.

He showed off his innate musicality.

No innate genius can protect their privacy online.


The adjective superfluous means something that is unnecessary or is no longer needed.

Synonyms are excessive, expendable, redundant, or useless.

The word origins from Latin (late 14th century) superfluus meaning “unnecessary”, literally meaning “overflowing, running over”, from superfluere meaning “to overflow”. It comes from super meaning “over” plus fluere meaning “to flow”.

In my opinion, a saint has no superfluous merit.

Her presence at the evening party was superfluous.

The caustic soda becomes superfluous, once the glue is cured.


The verb repudiate means to strongly contradict someone and you don’t want to be associated with them in any means.

Synonyms are forsake, reject, abandon, or dismiss.

The word origins from Latin (1540s) repudiatus, past participle of repudiare meaning “to cast off, put away, divorce, reject, scorn, disdain”, from repudium meaning “divorce, rejection, a putting away, dissolution of marriage”. It comes from re– meaning “back, away” plus pudium, which is probably related to pes/ped– meaning “foot”. The original notion may be of kicking something away, but folk etymology commonly connects it with pudere meaning “cause shame to.” Relating to opinions, conduct, etc., the meaning “to refuse to acknowledge” was recorded in 1824.

He repudiates the company and rejected all offers from them.

You can’t repudiate the contract.

She was provided with all the luxury her parents can give. Even so, she repudiates them for shunning at her own dreams.


The noun complacency means the state of being contented or satisfied about a situation.

Synonyms are satisfaction, contentment, smugness, or sense of security.

The word origins from 1640s, from same source as complacence meaning “pride, arrogance” but with the later form of the suffix –cy.

Her complacency is absolutely irritating.

I want to avoid his complacency whenever he talks about his independence.

We can say that the cause of the issue is the complacency of the government.


The noun enmity means a feeling of hatred into someone that usually lasts for a long time.

Synonyms are antagonism, animus, alienation, or loathing.

The word origins from Old French (14th century) enemite, variant of enemistié meaning “enmity, hostile act, aversion” (Modern French inimité). It also sources from Vulgar Latin inimicitatem (nominative inimicitas), and Latin inimicitia meaning “enmity, hostility”, usually plural, from inimicus meaning “enemy”.

Cain felt enmity toward his brother Abel.

His connection with the controlling elites brought upon him the enmity of the common people.

It is not good to harbor lifelong enmity toward your family.


The adjective incisive means someone expressing their thoughts or ideas in a clear and direct way that you can easily approve or agree to it.

Synonyms are intelligent, concise, penetrating, or keen.

The word origins from Old French (early 15th century) incisif (medical) meaning “invasive, effective”, and directly from Medieval Latin incisivus (source also from Latin incis-, past participle stem of incidere meaning “to cut into”.

The recruiting officer loved his incisive answers in the interview.

The jury were awed by the lawyer’s incisive arguments.

The whole team was disappointed as the presentation was less incisive than they had planned.