Doctrine

The noun doctrine means a set of beliefs that are taught and accepted by a particular group.

Synonyms are axiom, principle, teaching, or tradition.

The word origins from Old French  (12th century) doctrine meaning “teaching, doctrine”, and directly from Latin doctrina meaning “a teaching, body of teaching, learning”. It comes from doctor meaning “teacher” plus -ina. In Middle English, it could be used generally for “learning, instruction, education.”

Some people accepted the doctrine of their new leaders.

My purpose in this meeting is to expose the flaws of political doctrine.

The doctrine was forced by the officers of the organization.

Ironic

The adjective ironic means something that is funny or strange because of being different from what you expect.

Synonyms are mocking, paradoxical, sarcastic, or twisted.

The word origins from Late Latin (1620s) ironicus meaning “pertaining to irony”. It also comes from Greek eironikos meaning “dissembling, putting on a feigned ignorance”.

It is ironic that the winner received a trophy for the spelling bee and the word “spelling” was misspelled.

I find it somewhat ironic that the current news about the other country is more focused than the current issue in our country.

She used an ironic reference to defend her statement.

Contentious

The adjective contentious means something that involves or is likely to cause disagreement.

Synonyms are antagonistic, combative, quarrelsome, or testy.

The word origins from Latin (early 15th century) contentious meaning “obstinate, quarrelsome”, from contentionem meaning “a vigorous struggling, a contest, a fight”. It also comes from the past participle stem of contendere.

He has some very contentious friends in school

The coach had a contentious relationship with the tennis player.

Do not open a contentious topic in the discussion.

Apocryphal

The adjective apocryphal means something that is not true although it is often believed by some people.

Synonyms are fake, fictitious, inaccurate, or questionable.

The word origins in 1580s. It comes from apocrypha meaning “of doubtful authenticity plus –al. In Middle English (late 14th century), aprocrive is used in the same sense.

Everything we heard about her is almost certainly apocryphal.

It is the most popular of all the apocryphal articles for the history of the Earth.

It is an unknown story, but I doubt it is apocryphal.

Dogmatic

The adjective dogmatic means someone who is strongly expressing their beliefs as if they were facts.

Synonyms are assertive, dictatorial, intolerant, or stubborn.

The word origins from Late Latin (1680s) dogmaticus meaning “disposed to make positive assertions without presenting arguments or evidence”, and from Greek dogmatikos meaning “pertaining to doctrines”, from dogma meaning “opinion, tenet”, literally meaning “that which one thinks is true”, from dokein meaning “to seem good, think”.

The students are listening well if the lecture is dogmatic theology.

The dogmatic writer caught the interest of the readers.

His dogmatic decisions brought disaster in history.

Document

The noun document means a paper or set of papers with written or printed information.

Synonyms are evidence, form, paper, or record.

The word origins from Old French (13th century) document meaning “lesson, written evidence”, and directly from Latin documentum meaning “example, proof, lesson”, from docere meaning “to show, tech, cause to know”.

They saw some forged documents in the box.

Ready all your documents to apply for this company.

The document shows the untold story of Rebecca.

Contract

The noun contract means a legal document that states and explains a formal agreement between two different people or groups.

Synonyms are agreement, arrangement, commitment, or settlement.

The word origins from Old French (early 14th century) contract meaning “agreement between two or more persons to do or not do some particular thing”, and from Latin contractus meaning “a drawing together, a shrinking, a contract, an agreement”. It also comes from the past participle of contrahere meaning “to draw several objects together, draw in, shorten, lessen, abridge”. It is derived from com meaning “with, together” plus trahere meaning “to draw”.

They can’t provide a contract of employment.

A temporary contract has issues for some of the participants.

My new client gave me a contract through my email.

Appease

The verb appease means to prevent further disagreement by giving something that the other side demanded.

Synonyms are pacify, satisfy, soften, or soothe.

The word origins from Anglo-French (13th century) apeser meaning “to reconcile”, from Old French (12th century) apaisier meaning “to pacify, make peace, appease, be reconciled, placate”, from the phrase a paisier meaning “to bring peace. It is derived from a meaning “to” plus pais, from Latin pacem meaning “peace”.

Helping the needy will appease her guilt for his bad deeds.

She tried to appease her mother by giving her favorite citrus.

The song he played can appease the broken hearts.

Apathy

The noun apathy means the behavior that shows a lack of interest or unwillingness to take action.

Synonyms are dispassion, indifference, insensitivity, or lethargy.

The word origins from French (16th century) apathie meaning “freedom from suffering, passionless existence”, and from Latin apathia. It also comes from Greek apatheia meaning “freedom from suffering, impassibility, want of sensation”, from apathes meaning “without feeling, without suffering or having suffered”. It is derived from a- meaning “without” plus pathos meaning “emotion, feeling, suffering”. The sense of “indolence of mind, indifference to what should excite” is by 1733.

Members had apathy to not participate in the program.

They didn’t like the intern apathy towards work.

The apathy among a few kids in the park is reasonable.

Consensus

The noun consensus means the generally accepted opinion or decision among a group of people.

Synonyms are accord, harmony, unanimity, or unity.

The word origins from Latin (1854) consensus meaning “agreement, accord”, past participle of consentire meaning “feel together”. It comes from com meaning “with, together” plus sentire meaning “to feel”.

We can get a consensus on this matter if we will all vote.

Most principals don’t listen to the consensus of the school.

The consensus of the officers in the meeting is to change the business.