Disparity

The noun disparity means the unfair inequality between two or more things.

Synonyms are discrepancy, distinction, gap, or imbalance.

The word origins in 1550s. It comes from French (1590s) disparité meaning “quality of being unequal in rank, condition, etc.”, and from Medieval Latin disparitatem meaning “inequality”. It is derived from dis- meaning “not” plus paritas meaning “parity”.

Our city doesn’t have a great learning disparity between public and private schools.

The two couples have large disparity in their age.

The disparity between my expenses and revenue has been very obvious.

Explicit

The adjective explicit means something that is clearly expressed or demonstrated.

Synonyms are accurate, certain, exact, or precise.

The word origins from French (1610s) explicite meaning “open to the understanding, not obscure or ambiguous”, and from Latin explicitus meaning “unobstructed”. It is the past participle of explicare meaning “unfold, unravel, explain”. It is derived from ex meaning “out” plus plicare meaning “to fold”.

The team listened to the leader’s explicit direction for their task.

She is very explicit about her plans for her life in the future.

Please keep your guidelines explicit to not cause misunderstanding.

Aviary

The noun aviary means the large cage or closed space where birds are kept as pets.

Synonyms are barn, birdhouse, columbary, or volary.

The word origins from Latin (1570s) aviarium meaning “place in which birds are kept”. It is neuter of aviarius meaning “of birds”, from avis meaning “bird”.

Everyone can check my birds in my aviary.

Mr. Smith made an aviary for a guest to walk through.

I wish I could afford an aviary for my birds.

Confluence

The noun confluence means the situation in which two things joined and became one larger thing.

Synonyms are assemblage, assembly, concourse, or junction.

The word origins from Late Latin (early 15th century) confluentia meaning “a flowing together, especially of two or more streams”, from Latin confluentem. It is the present participle of confluere meaning “to flow together”. It comes from assimilated form of com meaning “with, together” plus fluere meaning “to flow”.

Her meal for today is the confluence of my two recipes.

The confluence of my sibling’s jobs has brought success to our family.

It looks great to see the confluence of everyone’s talent in the program.

Disperse

The verb disperse means to spread across or move away over a large area.

Synonyms are break up, circulate, dissolve, or spread.

The word origins in late 14th century. It comes from disperse meaning “to scatter, separate and send off or drive in different directions”, from Latin dispersus, from past participle of dispergere meaning “to scatter”. It is derived from dis- meaning “apart, in every direction” plus spargere meaning “to scatter”.

The flock of sheep on the farm will never disperse.

Students got dispersed as soon as teachers arrived.

The guests began to disperse when they heard the fire alarm.

Exploit

The noun exploit means the unusual, brave, or interesting act that someone has done.

Synonyms are accomplishment, achievement, attainment, or deed.

The word origins from Old French (late 14th century) esploit meaning “a carrying out; achievement, result; gain, advantage”, from Modern French (12th century) exploit used in the sense of “action, deed, profit, achievement”, and from Latin explicitum meaning “a thing settles, ended, or displayed”. It is derived from ex meaning “out” plus plicare meaning “to fold”.

His next exploit was the travel he did in Canada.

Please share your exploit with us.

Does Sir Melvin know about her exploit?

Authoritarian

The adjective authoritarian means someone who is demanding total obedience to those in positions of authority.

Synonyms are autocratic, dictatorial, strict, or totalitarian.

The word origins in 1862. It comes from authority meaning “favoring imposed order over freedom” plus -an. The sense of “one advocating or practicing the principle of authority over individual freedom” is from 1859.

Children tend to rebel against their authoritarian parents.

We don’t want authoritarian leaders but our group desperately needs leadership.

Miss Michelle’s manner is extremely authoritarian.

Confound

The verb confound means to confuse and surprise someone by making the situation unable to explain or deal with.

Synonyms are amaze, astonish, dumbfound, or puzzle.

The word origins from Anglo-French (1300) confoundre meaning “to destroy utterly”, and from Latin confundere meaning “to confuse, jumble together, bring into disorder”. It comes from com meaning “together” plus fundere meaning “to pour”. The figurative sense of “confuse the mind, perplex” emerged in Latin.

Alexis was proud to confound her critics by releasing her remarkable album.

A patient confounds his doctor after recovering suddenly from a severe disease.

I like to confound others’ expectations about me.

Disputatious

The adjective disputatious means someone who likes to argue and disagree a lot.

Synonyms are argumentative, controversial, dissentious, or quarrelsome.

The word origins in 1650s. It comes from disputation meaning “debate, argue” plus -ous.

Employees were relieved after their disputatious leader resigned.

The author uses a disputatious style in her articles.

As much as possible, they avoid the disputatious argument in their show.

Intimidate

The verb intimidate means to frighten or threaten someone in order to persuade the person to do something they don’t wish to do.

Synonyms are bully, scare, terrify, or terrorize.

The word origins from Medieval Latin (1640s) intimidatus, past participle of intimidate meaning “to frighten, make afraid”. It comes from in- meaning “in” plus timidus meaning “fearful”.

Do not let the new student intimidate you in the class.

Some grandmasters have their style to intimidate the other players.

The team leader uses a tactic to intimidate her.