Culpable

The adjective culpable means worthy of being blamed or considered guilty for something immoral.

Synonyms are guilty, impeachable, liable, or responsible.

The word origins in late 13th century. It comes from Old French (12th century) coupable meaning “deserving censure, blameworthy”. It also comes from Latin culpabilis meaning “worthy of blame”, from culpare meaning “to blame”, from culpa meaning “crime, fault, blame, guilt, error”.

He’s culpable but we don’t have any hard evidence or proof.

I was found culpable of the crime and sentenced to life in prison.

He was held culpable for what happened yesterday.

Credulity

The noun credulity means willingness to accept that something is real or true, particularly when this is unbelievable.

Synonyms are belief, conviction, faith, or hope.

The word origins from Old French (15th century) credulité meaning “faith, belief” and from Latin credulitatem meaning “easiness of belief, rash confidence,” noun of quality from credulus meaning “that easily believes, trustful”, from credere meaning “to believe”. The meaning “a weak or ignorant disregard of the importance of evidence, a disposition too ready to believe” especially absurd or impossible things, is from the 1540s.

Credulity of children will put them at risk.

For this reason it would seem to be simple credulity.

Interest and credulity are the nature of crude judgement.

Corrugated

The adjective corrugated means having similar rows of folds that look like a series of waves when seen from the end.

Synonyms are crumpled, grooved, or ridged.

The word origins from Latin (1620s) corrugatus meaning “bent into curves or folds” and past-participle adjective from corrugate meaning “wrinkled”.

 Among the ashes, corrugated roofs were found.

The ceiling is made from pieces of corrugated iron.

The cabin is made with corrugated iron and with sandy ground.

Corrode

The verb corrode means to weaken or eradicate slowly.

Synonyms are deteriorate, erode, rot, or rust.

The word origins from Old French (14th century) corroder meaning “to eat away, diminish or disintegrate (something) by gradually separating small bits of it”,and directly from Latin corrodere meaning “to gnaw to bits, wear away”. It comes from assimilated form of com-, here probably an intensive prefix (see com-), plus rodere meaning “to gnaw”.

In a salty atmosphere, steel tends to corrode quickly.

Hard water can corrode metal, including the water pipes.

Silver tends to corrode when it makes contact with the sulfur in the body.

Conviction

The noun conviction means a strong belief or a strong feeling of being certain about something. The noun conviction also means the case of officially being found to be guilty of a particular crime.

Synonyms are confidence, faith, feeling, or principle.

The word origins from Late Latin (mid 15th century) convictionem meaning “proof, refutation”, noun of action from past-participle stem of convincere meaning “to overcome decisively”. It comes from com-, here probably an intensive prefix (see com-), plus vincere meaning “to conquer”.

There was a conviction for slavery.

His conviction was clearly seen on his face.

Ronald’s statement lacked conviction.

Duplicity

The noun duplicity means to say different things to two people.

Synonyms are artifice, dishonesty, deceit, or hypocrisy.

The word origins from Old French (early 15th century) duplicite meaning “deceptiveness, character or practice of speaking differently of the same thing or acting differently at different times or to different persons”. It also comes from Late Latin duplicitatem (13th century) meaning “doubleness”.

She’d seen his duplicity on many occasions.

They were blamed for duplicity in their dealings with both sides.

His profession was marked by obvious duplicity.

Apprehension

The noun apprehension means worrying about the future, or a fear that something undesirable is going to happen.

Synonyms are foreboding, suspicion, dread, or mistrust.

The word origins from Old French (late 14th century) apreension meaning “comprehension, something learned”, ad meaning “to” plus prehendere meaning “to seize”.

It’s normal to sense a little apprehension before starting a new job.

Despite his apprehensions, he acknowledged the offer.

She felt a wave of apprehension and increased heart beat as the door unlocked.

Converge

The verb converge means to move towards the same point where lines, roads, or paths meet or connect.

Synonyms are attach, fuse, blend, or mix.

The word origins from late Latin (1690s) convergere meaning “to incline together”, from assimilated form of com- meaning “with, together” plus vergere meaning “to bend, turn, tend toward”.

In Johannesburg, most roads converge.

The child’s eyes weaken when they converge or move inward.

The delay of the train could be from an ongoing issue where all lines converge.

Conflagration

The noun conflagration means the large and violent fire that causes a lot of damage.

Synonyms are blaze, bonfire, inferno, or wildfire.

The word origins in 1550s. It comes from French (1650s) conflagration meaning “a large fire, the burning of a large mass of combustibles”, and directly from Latin conflagrationem. It is derived from com– plus flagrare meaning “to burn, blaze, glow”.

Henry had a hard time breathing when a conflagration broke out in his house.

The country severely suffered from a conflagration in 2020.

The survivors of the flood and followed by conflagration were very thankful to rescue teams.

Animosity

The noun animosity means the strong dislike or unfriendly feeling to something or someone.

Synonyms are antagonism, bitterness, hate, or ill will.

The word origins from Old French (early 15th century) animosité meaning “vigor, bravery”, directly from Latin animositatem meaning “boldness, vehemence”. The sense of “active hostile feeling” was first recorded in the Latin 1600s.

She has no animosity towards her haters despite their negative comments.

The strong influence of the British on the Nile provoked the animosity of the French.

It is not easy to be happy for them when all we can feel is animosity.