The adjective discriminating means someone who is able to know and act on the difference between good and bad.

Synonyms are astute, choosy, discerning, or selective.

The word origins in 1792. It is the present-participle adjective of the verb discriminate meaning “to treat someone differently”.

Maybe he thought they were discriminating against her.

The most discriminating character of Garrick is that drawn by Goldsmith in his poem of Retaliation.

His criticisms about politics are not discriminating.


The adjective exhaustive means something that is very thorough and complete.

Synonyms are encyclopedic, extensive, full-scale, or in-depth.

The word origins in 1780s. It comes from the verb exhaust meaning “to make someone extremely tired” plus -ive.

The writer is referred to that book for an exhaustive history and discussion of the study.

They didn’t continue the research because the work is exhaustive.

A feminist photographer made an exhaustive study of manspreading ever conducted.


The adjective innate means quality or ability that a person is born with.

Synonyms are deep-seated, inherent, intrinsic, or intuitive.

The word origins from Late Latin innatus meaning “inborn, native, natural”, from past participle of innasci meaning “to be born in, originate in”. It comes from in- meaning “in” plus nasci meaning “to be born” of Old Latin gnasci from PIE root *gene- meaning “give birth, beget” with derivatives referring to procreation and familial and tribal groups.

She had an innate modesty and simplicity of character.

He showed off his innate musicality.

No innate genius can protect their privacy online.


The adjective prolific means someone that can produce a great number or amount of something.

Synonyms are abundant, creative, bountiful, or rich.

The word origins from French (16th century) prolifique, and from Medieval Latin prolificus. It comes from Latin proles meaning “offspring” plus facere meaning “to make, to do”.

Liza was a prolific baker in many kinds of bread.

The most prolific poet in the period of Vasas is Samuel Twardowski.

The scientists of this period were numerous and prolific.


The adjective surreptitious means something that is done secretly, without anyone seeing or knowing.

Synonyms are clandestine, covert, furtive or unauthorized.

The word origins from Latin (middle 15th century) surrepticius meaning “stolen, furtive, clandestine”, from surreptus, past participle of surripere meaning “seize secretly, take away, steal, plagiarize”. It comes from sub meaning “from under” plus rapere meaning “to snatch”.

Their surreptitious glances at the audience made them feel more nervous.

Pia helped her classmate to complete their assignments in a surreptitious manner.

He made a surreptitious recording to catch them in the act.


The adjective audacious means someone who is willing to take risks in order to achieve something.

Synonyms are adventurous, bold, courageous, or foolhardy.

The word origins from Middle French (1540s) audacieux, from audace meaning “boldness”. It also comes from Latin audacia meaning “daring, boldness, courage”, from audax meaning “brave, bold, daring”, from audere meaning “to dare, be bold”. In English, the bad sense of “shameless, unrestrained by propriety” is attested from 1590s.

In their opinion, the plan was audacious to explore the forest.

People can make an audacious decision for their own sake.

So audacious of her to take such action in this situation.


The adjective conciliatory means someone who is willing to end a disagreement or trying to make someone less angry.

Synonyms are appeasing, assuaging, calm, or civil.

The word origins in 1570s. It comes from conciliate meaning “to end a disagreement or someone’s anger in a friendly way” plus -ory.

Despite the conciliatory policy, Clement angered Henry VI.

The main object of the president is to secure settlement by conciliatory methods.

He sent a conciliatory gift to his friend after they argued.


The noun disdain means the feeling of not liking someone or something and thinking they do not deserve your interest or respect.

Synonyms are antipathy, arrogance, aversion, or contempt.

The word origins in the middle of the 14th century. It comes from desdeinen meaning “think unworthy or worthless, look upon with contempt”, from Old French desdeignier meaning “disdain, scorn, refuse, repudiate”. It comes from des- meaning “do the opposite of” plus deignier meaning “treat as worthy”, from Latin dignari meaning “to deem worthy or fit”, from dignus meaning “worthy”.

She is stuck between disdain and fury after looking at them.

I think her presence was no longer one of lofty disdain.

His disdain for our childishness is very obvious.


The adjective exhilarating means something that makes you feel very excited and happy.

Synonyms are breathtaking, inspiring, intoxicating, or thrilling.

The word origins from Latin (1530s) exhilaratus meaning “cheerful, merry”, past participle of exhilarare meaning “gladden, cheer”. It comes from ex meaning “out, out of, thoroughly” plus hilarare meaning “make cheerful”, from hilarus meaning “cheerful”.

We totally enjoyed our exhilarating activities at the camp.

She was able to make a song from the exhilarating story.

Exhilarating Alpine experience where you can ski is what I suggest for our next trip.


The noun innovation means the introduction of new ideas, methods, or things.

Synonyms are addition, alteration, contraption, or modernization.

The word origins in middle 15th century. It comes from innovacion meaning “restoration, renewal”. It also comes from Late Latin innovationem, from past-participle stem of innovare meaning “to change, to renew”. It is derived from in- meaning “into” plus novus meaning “new”.

These countries are about to be successful with innovation and advancement.

The student’s innovation was the introduction of using banana peels as a straw.

Innovation will happen when many people depend so much on machines.